Developing a sound HR strategy

Our school is currently grappling with several human resource (personnel) challenges that are affecting the overall quality of education and the work environment for staff. In this document, we will identify these challenges and provide recommendations for addressing them.


  1. Teacher Recruitment and Retention:

    • Difficulty attracting and retaining qualified teachers in a rural area.
    • High teacher turnover impacting the consistency of education.
  2. Professional Development:

    • Limited access to training and development opportunities for teachers.
    • Challenges in staying current with teaching methods and curriculum changes.
  3. Resource Allocation:

    • Limited budget and inadequate infrastructure, impacting the quality of education.
    • Lack of access to technology and up-to-date educational resources.
  4. Diverse Student Needs:

    • Serving a diverse student population with varying needs.
    • Limited resources to support students with disabilities, English language learners, and those from disadvantaged backgrounds.


  1. Teacher Recruitment and Retention:

    • Offer competitive compensation packages and benefits to attract and retain top talent.
    • Develop partnerships with local colleges and universities to establish a pipeline of educators.
    • Create a supportive and inclusive work environment to boost teacher morale and commitment.
  2. Professional Development:

    • Establish a professional development fund to support ongoing teacher training.
    • Encourage teachers to attend workshops and conferences by providing financial assistance.
    • Promote peer-to-peer learning and collaboration within the school.
  3. Resource Allocation:

    • Advocate for increased funding from local and state authorities to improve infrastructure.
    • Seek grants and donations from local businesses and community organizations to enhance resources.
    • Efficiently allocate existing resources by prioritizing essential educational tools and materials.
  4. Diverse Student Needs:

    • Identify and address the unique needs of diverse student groups through targeted support programs.
    • Collaborate with special education experts and language specialists to provide resources for students with specific requirements.
    • Encourage open communication with parents and guardians to better understand their childrenā€™s needs.

Addressing these human resource challenges in our school requires a multi-pronged approach, including improved teacher recruitment and retention strategies, investment in professional development, advocating for increased funding and resource allocation, and tailoring support to meet the diverse needs of our students. By implementing these recommendations, we can work towards a more supportive and effective educational environment in our rural school.

Human Resource Challenges in Schools
A record numbers of teachers are leaving their jobs across the nation, looking for new opportunities, new careers, or better pay and benefits. Schools are facing staffing shortages. This poses a threat to studentsā€™ academic and economic well-being. This includes remuneration, working conditions, a lack of support and autonomy, and changing curriculum. Another HR challenge is retaining good teachers. The education system is ever-evolving, and teachers must keep up with the changes. They are expected to develop proficiency in multiple subjects to better the studentā€™s learning process. Continuous professional development is crucial for them to build these skills. Some teachers fail to communicate at work. The misinformation, misunderstandings, and mixed messages can cause chaos in the system. There is also endless amount of paper work and manual processes in schools like keeping track of attendance, fees, admissions, transportation, and other data. These human resource issues in schools are vital and worth addressing.

Some common challenges faced in school

  • Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Schools often struggle to find qualified educators, especially in specific subject areas
  • Teacher Professional Development: Limited access to continuous professional development and training for teachers, hindering their ability to adapt to new teaching methods and technologies.
  • Workload and Stress: Excessive workloads and stress due to large class sizes
  • Bullying and Safety Concerns: bullying cases are on the rise in schools especially after the COVID 19 pandemic

Recommendations to Address These Challenges:

  • Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Provide incentives such as housing support, bonus pay for rural postings, and opportunities for career advancement.
  • Teacher Professional Development: Invest in regular training and workshops, and Create a mentorship program for experienced teachers to support newcomers.
  • Workload and Stress: Implement stress management programs and wellness initiatives for teachers. Ensure realistic class sizes
  • Addressing bullying and safety concerns within the school community, as well as implementing preventive measures, is a growing challenge in many schools.

From the organization Iā€™m employed in, I was able gather 5 main challenges in human resource management and how I feel we should address them.

  1. Punctuality
    Factors contributing to a teachersā€™ irregular attendance are;
  • personal reasons
  • lack of interest
  • transportation
  • unhealthy work relationships


  • conduct teacher bonding sessions
  • provide transport incentives
  • boost teachers motivation
  • encourage communication
  1. Shortage of teachers
    Major contributors to the shortfall of teachers are as follows;
  • poor working conditions
  • decrease in the public interest in pursuing a career in education
  • lack of qualified teachers


  • offering opportunities in decision-making in attracting qualified teachers
  • collaborative work towards a common goal
  • invest in recruitment management
  • improve the teaching environment
  1. Retention of experienced qualified teachers
    Recent spike in the rate of teachers quitting the field poses a threat to studentsā€™ academic and economic well-being.
  • personal reasons
  • low salary
  • study
  • migration and job opportunities overseas
  • neglection


  • increase in salary
  • availability of teacher-aids
  • housing incentives and child care support
  • incentive bonuses
  • easier and less expensive online courses
  1. Lack of career and training development
    Teachers must keep up with the ever-evolving education system. Issues may arise in regards to;
  • nepotism, where a candidate inexperienced and less qualified teacher is selected by whom they are related to
  • lack of strategic planning in teacher training
  • professional development sessions not planned or conducted


  • disallow the practice of nepotism
  • well planned weekly PD sessions throughout the year
  • diverse strategic planning
  1. Heavy workload and paperwork
    The endless times a teacher has to write information such as, names, bio data, phone numbers and addresses can be overwhelming for a HR personnel. Not forgetting the constant update yearly and sometimes monthly.


  • implementation of digital HR processes, saves time, energy and resources
  • update knowledge on advanced technologies and digital systems
  • E-signatures
  • practice 5S

To address human resources challenges in the organization or schools in Fiji, several strategies can be implemented
1.strategic workforce planning-develop a comprehensive workforce plan to anticipate staffing needs, identify skill gaps and align human resources with organization goals.
2.competitive compensation and benefits-offer competitive salary packages and attractive benefits to attract and retained talented staffs.
3. Professional development programs -invest in ongoing training and professional development opportunities for teachers and staffs to enhance their skills and stay updated on education advancement.
4.well being initiatives-implement programs that promotes employees well-being such wellness initiatives, mental health support and work-life balance policies. and conducive environment for learning and teaching

Challenge: Having experienced and qualified teachers

  • Partner with teacher training programs : Open schools can partner with teacher training programs to provide training in open schooling methods.
  • Develop mentorship programs : Open schools can develop mentorship programs to pair experienced teachers with new teachers.

Challenge: Flexible and adaptable teaching staff

  • Provide ongoing professional development : Open schools can provide ongoing professional development to help teachers develop the skills they need to be flexible and adaptable.
  • Create a culture of innovation : Open schools can create a culture of innovation by encouraging teachers to experiment with new teaching methods and approaches.
  • Empower teachers to make decisions : Open schools can empower teachers to make decisions about their classrooms and their students.

Challenge : Strong support staff

  • Hire qualified support staff: Open schools can hire qualified support staff, such as counselors, curriculum specialists, and technology experts.
  • Provide ongoing training for support staff : Open schools can provide ongoing training for support staff to help them stay up-to-date on the latest open schooling practices.
  • Create a collaborative working environment : Open schools can create a collaborative working environment where support staff feels valued and respected.

Challenge: Understanding and training for open school methodology

  • Provide comprehensive training : Open schools can provide comprehensive training to all staff on open schooling methodology.
  • Develop a culture of continuous learning : Open schools can develop a culture of continuous learning by encouraging staff to participate in professional development and to share their knowledge with others.
  • Create a network of open school practitioners : Open schools can create a network of open school practitioners to share best practices and resources.

Challenge: Lack of ICT experience

  • Provide ICT training : Open schools can provide ICT training to all staff.
  • Integrate technology into the curriculum : Open schools can integrate technology into the curriculum to help students develop the skills they need to use technology effectively.
  • Provide access to technology : Open schools can provide access to technology for all students and staff.

Challenge : Lack of technology support

  • Hire a technology specialist : Open schools can hire a technology specialist to provide support to staff and students.
  • Partner with technology companies : Open schools can partner with technology companies to provide discounted or free technology and support.
  • Develop a technology support plan : Open schools can develop a technology support plan to address the needs of staff and students.


  • reliable and high speed internet connection.

This can be overcomed by hiring an IT officer/technician to cater for and troubleshoot technical issues

Upon reading other posts, challenges that stood out were:

  1. Inadequate IT infrastructure and Environment

Remedial Actions.
IT funds to be actually used for IT purposes.
2.students discipline issues.

Remedial Action: Teachers to be well trained so they can have good class control.
-Adhere to school dicipline policies.

Personnel challenges identified:

  1. High staff turnover
  2. Lack of diversity in the workforce
  3. Limited opportunities for career growth and development
  4. Poor communication between management and staff
  5. Inadequate compensation and benefits


  1. Conduct exit interviews to identify reasons for high staff turnover and address them accordingly.
  2. Implement diversity and inclusion initiatives, such as targeted recruitment and training programs.
  3. Develop a comprehensive career growth and development plan for staff, with clear pathways for advancement and opportunities for training and upskilling.
  4. Establish regular communication channels between management and staff, such as town hall meetings and feedback mechanisms.
  5. Conduct a review of compensation and benefits packages to ensure they are competitive with industry standards and meet the needs of staff.

Title: Addressing Human Resource Challenges in Our Organization

Introduction: In our organization, we have identified several human resource challenges that are impacting our overall efficiency and employee satisfaction. Addressing these challenges is crucial to fostering a positive work environment and maximizing productivity. Below are the challenges we have identified and corresponding recommendations to mitigate these issues.

Challenges Identified:

  1. High Turnover Rates:
  • Many employees are leaving the organization, leading to disruptions in workflow and loss of institutional knowledge.
  1. Lack of Employee Engagement:
  • Employees seem disengaged and unmotivated, impacting their productivity and overall job satisfaction.
  1. Skills Shortages:
  • We are experiencing difficulties in finding and retaining employees with the necessary skills and expertise.


  1. Implement Exit Interviews:
  • Conduct thorough exit interviews to understand the reasons behind employee departures. Use this feedback to identify areas for improvement and take proactive measures to address issues.
  1. Develop Employee Recognition Programs:
  • Create programs to recognize and reward outstanding employee performance. This can include awards, public acknowledgments, or other forms of recognition to boost morale and engagement.
  1. Offer Professional Development Opportunities:
  • Provide training and development programs to upskill existing employees. Additionally, consider offering mentorship programs and career advancement opportunities to retain valuable talent.
  1. Enhance Recruitment Strategies:
  • Improve our recruitment process to attract and retain top talent. This may involve revisiting job descriptions, offering competitive compensation packages, and utilizing diverse recruitment channels.
  1. Foster Open Communication:
  • Encourage open communication between employees and management. Establish regular feedback mechanisms, such as employee surveys or suggestion boxes, to address concerns and improve overall satisfaction.

Conclusion: By addressing these human resource challenges, we aim to create a more positive and productive work environment. It is essential for the organization to invest in its employees and create a workplace that fosters growth, engagement, and retention. Implementing these recommendations will contribute to a more sustainable and effective human resource management strategy.

Challenges of HR personnel
Human Resource personnel challenges in my organization are quite a number as stated below:
a) Some officers will always be absent from the institution without permission. When they are taken through disciplinary process, they start complaining in a manner to insight other employees.
b) Some employees will report to the institution late when they are expected to report at 8:00 am
c) Some employees will report on duty yes on time, but then they donā€™t attend to their duties as expected.
d) In the various departments, at times there are conflicts among members which the Head of department. If the head of department is not able to handle the case, the case is forwarded to the deputy principal for action.
e) Some rare cases of insubordination where the disciplinary action is taken against such officers.
f) Some trainers are never positive to any change especially when the institution implanted online training, some resisted especially those trainers employed by the college council due to fear of redundancy.

Strategies to improve HR management.

  1. Develop a human resource policy and guidelines
  2. Conduct sensitization to ensure personnel are aware of the components of the policy for them to work within the laid down regulations.
  3. Create a conducive working environment.
  4. develop a Reward, recognition sanction policy where members who perform are rewarded,
  5. To ensure there is career progression to avoid high turnover rates.

Head of department. If the head of department is not able to handle the case, the case is forwarded to the deputy principal for action.
e) Some rare cases of insubordination where the disciplinary action is taken against such officers.
f) Some trainers are never positive to any change especially when the institution implanted online training, some resisted especially those trainers employed by the college council due to fear of redundancy.

This is quite elaborate. This is great.


  1. Student teacher Ratio.
  2. Student and teacher Discipline
  3. Reasources
  4. Workload for teachers
  5. since every class will have diverse learners student and teacher ratio should be of an appropriate number for teachers to controll and monitored.
  6. Displine is one of the main issue faced in all schools, have more community outreach to advocaqte on the importance of Displine.
  7. Technologies should be avilable to all teachers and students as we are dealing with 21st century students.
  8. Workload for teachers is a handfull as we are more focus on fill data rather than teaching.

Some of the challenges I have witnessed in my organization are:

  1. Lack of incentive to retain quality staff.
  2. Poor communication between Administrators and work colleagues.
  3. Forced implementation of curriculum without consultation and inclusion in decision making.
  4. Lack of resources for lesson delivery.
    1.Provide incentivize roles to retain experienced staff.
  5. Improve collaboration between Administrators and work colleagues.
  6. Encourage more consultation on implementation of new curriculums.
  7. Provide more resources to teachers for lesson delivery.

some challenges that i face:

  1. Lack of resources
  2. behavior issues
  3. Laziness and attitude problem.

To address this challenges:

  1. Laziness - remove all excuses and provide training.
  2. behavior issues - Develop an improvement plan to provide employees the opportunity to succeed.

As a Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institution, we face a unique set of human resource challenges that can impact our ability to deliver quality education and meet the demands of a dynamic workforce. Some of the key challenges include:

  • We often struggle to attract and retain qualified faculty members due to competition from industry, limited funding for salaries, and lack of professional development opportunities.
  • Many skilled professionals are drawn to higher-paying positions in the private sector, making it challenging for our TVET institutions to maintain a stable and experienced faculty team.
  • Sometimes there is a disconnect between the skills and knowledge of teaching staff members and the evolving needs of industries and employers.
  • Teaching staff members often require continuous training and upskilling to stay updated with the latest technologies, industry practices, and pedagogical methods relevant to vocational and technical education.
  • Our TVET institutions often face budget constraints that limit our ability to invest in faculty development programs, workshops, and training opportunities.
  • Lack of access to resources such as funds for attending conferences, updating certifications, or pursuing advanced degrees often at times hinders staff membersā€™ professional growth.

As we continue to navigate the evolving landscape of human resources challenges within our TVET institution, it is imperative to proactively identify and implement strategies to foster a positive work environment, enhance employee engagement, and optimize organizational performance. Below are recommendations aimed at addressing key HR challenges:

  1. Employee Engagement and Retention through the implementation of regular employee feedback mechanisms such as surveys, focus groups, or suggestion boxes to understand staff sentiments and concerns.
  2. Recognize and reward employees for their contributions through appreciation programs, performance bonuses, or advancement opportunities.
  3. Utilize innovative recruitment techniques such as social media platforms, professional networks, and staff referrals to attract top talent.
  4. Develop and implement Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion policies and programs that promote a diverse and inclusive workplace culture, ensuring equal opportunities for all employees.
  5. Align individual goals with organizational objectives to enhance accountability, transparency, and alignment across teams.
  6. Provide managers with training and resources to effectively manage performance issues, address conflicts, and recognize employee achievements.
  7. Offer comprehensive employee wellness programs that promote physical, mental, and emotional well-being, including health screenings, counseling services, and flexible work arrangements.
  8. Encourage work-life balance by promoting time management strategies, setting realistic workload expectations, and respecting boundaries between work and personal life.
  9. Foster a supportive and empathetic work culture where employees feel comfortable discussing their challenges and seeking assistance when needed.

By implementing these recommendations, we can address the current human resources challenges facing our TVET institution and create a conducive work environment where staff members feel valued, engaged, and empowered to contribute to our shared success.